What’s the cause of Legionnaires’ disease?

What’s going on? Covid-19 (Cv) is an infectious viral disease that hits humans every 5–7 years. In North America, it is commonly known as Legionnaires’ disease. It causes infection of the lungs and lungs’…

What’s the cause of Legionnaires’ disease?

What’s going on?

Covid-19 (Cv) is an infectious viral disease that hits humans every 5–7 years. In North America, it is commonly known as Legionnaires’ disease. It causes infection of the lungs and lungs’ lining. It is caused by vibrio bacteria, which can be found in the environment of warm-water locations, such as water-filtration plants, hot tubs, and aqua-culture.

Symptoms typically arise within two to eight days of infection. The most common symptom is a fever, but in many cases a cough followed by a runny nose. Two-thirds of people with this disease develop chest pain and shortness of breath. As the infection spreads to other parts of the body, people may also experience shortness of breath, muscle aches, cough, or weakness of limbs. This can result in death if not treated effectively.

Most people with this disease develop an ear infection and/or pneumonia. In only a small proportion do the infections spread to other organs and cause more serious symptoms. The main source of infection to humans is contaminated fresh water, usually contaminated with bacteria, such as giardia, E. coli, or some different strains of the vibrio bacteria.

Where’s it coming from?

Vibrio bacteria are usually found in fresh water, and water-filtration plants or hot tubs are the most common sources of infection in warm-water locations, in North America. Humans contract this disease if they ingest water that contains the bacteria while they are playing.

Most cases of disease occur in adults, though most younger adults can contract the disease through contact with contaminated water. All of the recent cases of disease in the US were caused by contact with water contaminated with vibrio bacteria.

How do we treat it?

Like many illnesses, some forms of this disease are treatable with antibiotics. However, the disease can be so serious that most people who get it require immediate hospitalization to prevent infection from progressing to more serious conditions.

The most effective treatment is continuous hydration (water is the best way to prevent further infection) and supportive care (comfort measures, such as pain relief, oxygen, and in case of pneumonia, antibiotics). The virus can affect the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract as well.

How to prevent it?

Overall, to prevent the infection, it is best to not drink hot water while breathing through your mouth, or direct hot water into the mouth, nose, or eyes. It is also best to wear a neoprene mask when swimming or frolicking in warm-water conditions. These caps can prevent getting sick, if you wear them to protect yourself from the bacteria.

If you do become ill, you should seek immediate medical treatment if symptoms occur. For many people, their symptoms can resolve without getting medical attention. But if you think you or someone you know has developed this disease, you should see a doctor.

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